Chile

Map of Chile

Country Initiatives Details

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) in the Waste and Landfill Sector

Canada’s Total Contribution: $3,155,000

Targeted Countries: Chile Colombia Dominican Republic Mexico

Funding Period: 2011/2012, 2012/2013

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

Canada supported the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) towards the development of transformational Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for the Waste and Landfill sector in Mexico, Dominican Republic, Colombia and Chile.

Results/Expected Outcomes

Canada’s support led to specific results in each of the four recipient countries:
  • Canada's support in Chile was aligned with Chile’s national waste strategy and with the implementation of the “Catalyzing Organic Waste Diversion in the Chilean Industries” Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) that aimed to create a new market of organics diversion mainly from industrial sources.
  • In Colombia, Canada provided support for technical assistance to develop an integrated approach for waste management. A pilot phase in the city of Cali has helped identify changes that could be made to overcome various existing policy, financial, market and social barriers.
  • In the Dominican Republic, Canada’s contribution supported the development of an integrated approach for waste management in the tourism industry that aims to replace fossil fuel combustion with alternative energy sources; conducted a preliminary feasibility study; and, the implementation of a pilot project in Punta Cana.
  • In Mexico, Canada supported the development of feasibility studies in the City of Colima while building capacity through the delivery of an educational program for Mexican experts. To date, a workshop was held in Colima to bring together key policymakers from the national and local governments and to further Mexico’s development of their national mitigation strategy for landfill and waste management.

Chile’s Clean Technology Fund Investment Plan

Canada’s Total Contribution: $33,000,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2011/2012, 2012/2013

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

Canada provided $200 million to the Clean Technology Fund, a multi-donor trust fund that provides scaled-up financing for the demonstration, deployment and transfer of low carbon technologies that have a significant potential for long-term greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions savings.

Results/Expected Outcomes

Canada's contribution is expected to support scaled-up financing for the demonstration, deployment and transfer of low carbon technologies in three countries. In May 2012, the Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Trust Fund Committee decided that new CTF contributions, including Canada's $200 million in concessional finance, would be allocated to three new Country Investment Plans (Nigeria, Chile and India) in proportion to their overall funding requests as approved in their Investment Plans. Final disbursements of resources to these and other plans will depend on the roll-out of the CTF project pipeline. More specifically, in Chile, Canada's contribution will support a three component investment plan including: a concentrated solar power project in the northern region of Chile; a large scale photo voltaic program to scale up photo voltaic power installations across the country; and, the scaling-up of renewable energy self-supply and energy efficiency for individual energy end-users.

Assessing the impact of soil conservation management practices on changes of soil organic carbon content

Canada’s Total Contribution: $135,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2012/2013

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

Canada provided support to the Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA) to complete a study of existing public and private sector programs related to the restoration of degraded soils in Chile. Results from this study are to inform the development of a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action in the agriculture/forestry sectors.

Results/Expected Outcomes

This project was successful in fulfilling the general objective of quantifying the amount of atmospheric carbon capture by soils under conservation agriculture practices. Specific activities supported include: 567 samples taken from 63 sample sites in 6 different administrative regions of Chile, comprising 5 different soil management schemes, which were compared to pristine conditions and the completion of a report with general conclusions was completed. It has been noted, given preliminary findings, that additional research would be needed in order to prepare a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA).

Climate Change Resilience of Public Infrastructures

Canada’s Total Contribution: $198,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2012/2013

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

Canada provided support to the Pontificia Universidad Católica in Chile to support the development of a strategic framework for decision making and incorporate climate change adaptation measures in the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of public infrastructures in Chile

Results/Expected Outcomes

The project developed and published a strategy and e-book titled, “Adaptation Strategy of Infrastructure to Climate Change,” which contains three case studies demonstrating an adaptation strategy methodology for dams, ports and bridges. Four seminars to disseminate the Ministry strategy were conducted in March 2013 with support from Canada’s contribution, in different cities in Chile, including the locations of the three case studies that were developed (a dam in northern Chile, a port in central Chile, and a bridge in southern Chile). The strategy is expected to inform the development of the Chilean Ministry of Public Work’s “Sector Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change”.

Climate Change Resilience in Protected Areas

Canada’s Total Contribution: $450,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2012/2013

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

Canada provided support to the Ministerio del Medio Ambiante de Chile for the restoration of the iconic Torres del Paine following the fire of December 2011 and wetland ecosystems in other Chilean's protected areas, helping communities that depend on those ecosystems adapt to climate change.

Results/Expected Outcomes

Protocols for growing and planting seedlings for the ecological restoration of Torres del Paine National Park following the 2011 fire have been initiated. In addition, studies are being conducted to understand wetland processes and functions to be restored in order to protect water resources in wetland complexes of Nevado Tres Cruces National Park and El Yali National Reserve.

Pozo Almonte and Calama Solar PV Project

Canada’s Total Contribution: $20,400,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The Canadian Climate Fund for the Private Sector in the Americas (C2F) at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) provided support for the construction, operation and maintenance of three solar photovoltaic power plants in the north of Chile, generating a total capacity of approximately 25 megawatt peak (MWp). As Chile’s largest solar PV project, the project’s two facilities are spread out over 178 hectares of uninhabited desert land, repurposing this dry landscape into a source of non-traditional energy.

Results/Expected Outcomes

The expected intermediate outcomes of this project are to enhance Chile’s energy security through a diversification of renewable sources and a reduction in its heavy reliance on imported fossil fuel, which represents a majority of energy consumption.

The Pozo Almonte and Calama Solar Photovoltaic Power Project in Chile has already completed its first full year of operations. Results to date include the installation of 26 megawatt peak (MWp) of generation capacity, the generation of 68,612 megawatt hours (MWh) of renewable energy and the abatement of 55,489 tons of CO2. Cumulatively, the project has generated 117,530 MWh of electricity from a renewable energy source and abated 95,052 tons of CO2. The project provided temporary and permanent employment opportunities for 1,580 individuals. The project is also continuing to work with local schools and communities to develop social programs that further benefit the women, children, and indigenous groups in the surrounding areas.

Co-Financing/Mobilized Finance (CAD$): $61,100,000
Estimated GHG (metric tons of CO₂) Reduction Associated with Project (per year)Disclaimer *: 54,000

Vulnerability and adaptation to climate variability and change in the Maipo Basin, central Chile

Canada’s Total Contribution: $1,298,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

This contribution is part of Canada's $20 million fast-start contribution to the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) to support climate change adaptation projects in the water sector in Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean. This initiative identified the biophysical, socio-economic, and institutional vulnerabilities associated with climate change in Chile's Maipo Basin, as well as informed the development of a regional adaptation strategy.

Results/Expected Outcomes

The project team launched a call for fellowships for Latin American students interested in pursuing Masters, PhD, and post-doctoral studies in association with the project. Successful candidates will fill twelve spots on the research team. Training on water and land use modelling has taken place for 25 participants who will deploy the methods in the Maipo Valley where the research is taking place. Given the importance of the Maipo Basin to different groups and economic interests, a meeting of representatives from the urban, agricultural, industrial, and political sectors involved in water and land use was organized to guide the project in its research.

Los Loros Solar PV Power Project

Canada’s Total Contribution: $18,000,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The Canadian Climate Fund for the Private Sector in the Americas (C2F) at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) provided support for a 53 megawatts peak (MWp) solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant in Chile. This project aims to increase the supply of renewable energy in Chile, to meet growing demand and reduce the reliance on fossil fuels. The project will inject energy into the Sistema Interconectado Central (SIC) electricity grid, allowing it to sell its full energy output to the spot market. This is one of the IDB’s first merchant solar PV projects, placing it in direct daily market competition with fossil fuel based power generators. The C2F is supporting this project by absorbing initially high market risk, particularly in the first several years when market prices are expected to be quite low.

Results/Expected Outcomes

The expected intermediate outcomes of this project include 53 megawatts peak (MWp) of renewable energy capacity installed, the production of 109,660 megawatt hours (MWh) each year of electricity from renewable sources, and the abatement of an estimated 73,800 tons of CO2 each year. These results will help to enhance energy capacity in Chile, providing national and local benefits. Including providing new employment opportunities for approximately 128 people. The project will also work with the community and local officials to identify potential social programs to support, including preference to those which benefit vulnerable groups in the area, such as women. Results achieved to date include the completion of 90% of construction.
Co-Financing/Mobilized Finance (CAD$): $78,700,000
Estimated GHG (metric tons of CO₂) Reduction Associated with Project (per year)Disclaimer *: 73,800

El Olivo Solar PV Project

Canada’s Total Contribution: $1,880,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The Canadian Climate Fund for the Private Sector in the Americas (C2F) at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) supports this project, along with Alturas de Ovalle, as one of two early-mover, small-scale utility solar photovoltaic (PV) in Chile. This project is undertaken with the Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC), which is part of the IDB. The goal is to sell generated power to the spot market which will be “stabilized” by minimizing daily price fluctuations in order to support small projects. The aim of this project is to demonstrate that mid- and small-sized segments of the market can compete over the long term with fossil fuel fired generation, thereby encouraging a deep penetration of solar energy into the Chilean market.

Results/Expected Outcomes

The expected intermediate outcomes of this project included 6,902 megawatt hours (MWh) per year of electricity generated from renewable sources and the abatement of an estimated 4,850 tons of CO2 each year. El Olivo became operational in November of 2015. Actual results to date include the installation of 3.2 megawatts peak (MWp) of renewable energy capacity and 1,139MWh of electricity generated from renewable sources. In addition, 765 tons of CO2 have been abated thus far.
Co-Financing/Mobilized Finance (CAD$): $4,400,000
Estimated GHG (metric tons of CO₂) Reduction Associated with Project (per year)Disclaimer *: 4,850

Alturas de Ovalle Solar PV Project

Canada’s Total Contribution: $1,860,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The Canadian Climate Fund for the Private Sector in the Americas (C2F) at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) supports this project, along with El Olivo, as one of two early-mover, small-scale utility solar photovoltaic (PV) in Chile. This project is undertaken with the Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC), which is part of the IDB. The goal is to sell generated power to the spot market which will be “stabilized” by minimizing daily price fluctuations in order to support small projects. The aim of this project is to demonstrate that mid- and small-sized segments of the market can compete over the long term with fossil fuel fired generation, thereby encouraging a deep penetration of solar energy into the Chilean market.

Results/Expected Outcomes

The expected intermediate outcomes of this project include 6,034 megawatt hours (MWh) per year of electricity generated from renewable sources and the abatement of an estimated 4,249 tons of CO2 each year.
Co-Financing/Mobilized Finance (CAD$): $4,300,000
Estimated GHG (metric tons of CO₂) Reduction Associated with Project (per year)Disclaimer *: 4,249

Solar Power Plant in Chile

Canada’s Total Contribution: $14,300,000

Targeted Countries: Chile

Funding Period: 2010/2011

Project Funded through a Canadian Facility: IFC - Canada Climate Change Program (CCCP)

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The IFC-Canada Climate Change Program financed for the expansion of a solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant, from 1.4 megawatts (MW) to 30.5 MW. This plant will be the first large-scale merchant solar plant in the Northern Interconnected System in Chile.

Results/Expected Outcomes

It is expected that this project will help demonstrate the viability of merchant solar power plants in Chile by establishing a track record of successful performance for future investors and developers. The expanded plant is also expected to abate 24,500 tons of CO2 per year.* To date, the project is fully constructed.
Co-Financing/Mobilized Finance (CAD$): $53,000,000
Estimated GHG (metric tons of CO₂) Reduction Associated with Project (per year)Disclaimer *: 24,500
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