Map of Nicaragua

Country Initiatives Details

Adapting community-based water supply in Central America to a changing climate

Canada’s Total Contribution: $1,480,000

Targeted Countries: Costa Rica Guatemala Nicaragua

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):


This contribution is part of Canada's $20 million fast-start contribution to the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) to support climate change adaptation projects in the water sector in Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean. The project studied the effects of climate change on water availability in Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, and will investigate how community-based organizations could adapt their practices to maximize water security for rural and peri-urban residents.

Results/Expected Outcomes

With support from Canada’s contribution, the project is assessing how water suppliers can adapt their practices to safeguard water given the uncertainty about future water availability. Case analysis from Costa Rica is being used to assess appropriate adaptation options. The team is conducting a survey of households and water providers from Guatemala, Costa Rica and Nicaragua, with a focus on assessing the costs and benefits of different adaptation measures. Research results are expected to improve decision-making and better guide private and public investments in adaptation measures, to secure water supply for rural and peri-urban residents.

Support to the Productive Rural Development Sector Program (PRORURAL)

Canada’s Total Contribution: $7,702,443

Targeted Countries: Nicaragua

Funding Period: 2011/2012, 2012/2013, 2013/2014, 2014/2015

Delivery Partner(s):

  • Government of Nicaragua


This project contributed to strengthening the agriculture sector in Nicaragua by assisting the Government of Nicaragua implement its Productive Rural Development Sector Program (known by its Spanish acronym PRORURAL). The goal of PRORURAL was to increase sustainable economic growth in rural areas and increase access to safe, nutritious food for poor rural women and men. The project helped farmers to increase their productivity and the quality of the food they produce, diversify their crops and transform their produce into higher-value products.

This project demonstrates Canada’s dedication to climate change action in developing countries. Key project activities involved the enhanced conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, and increased efficiency and efficacy of national institutions in the rural development sector. In addition, the project promoted the sustainable use of forestry resources and improved management of the forestry sector.

Results/Expected Outcomes

Results achieved as of the end of the project contributed to increasing rural economic growth, and improving access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food for poor rural women and men. For example, there was a 22% increase in the production of cash crops and an integration of 17,000 families into value chains for cocoa, horticulture, honey, dairy, coffee, rice, beans, and meat, in order to help them add value to their products, receive better returns and increase their incomes. Outcomes also included the integration of 88,806 hectares of forest into forestry sector management plans promoting the sustainable use of forestry resources. In addition to technical assistance to increase sustainable agricultural practices, 3,288 farmers associations were formed to more effectively purchase resources and to facilitate entry into new markets.

Through the Support to the Productive Rural Development Sector Program, the project has also provided assistance to Nicaragua to help them develop policies and implement programs to support climate change mitigation and adaptation activities through four ministries and public institutions working in Rural Development. Canada’s support has helped the Government of Nicaragua through PRORURAL to develop a responsive mechanism to assist small scale farmers in the implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation activities, including the strengthening of the government’s and producers’ environmental management capacities, responsible use of water in agriculture, promoting agro-ecological production and supporting the national reforestation plan.

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