Cambodia

Map of Cambodia

Country Initiatives Details

Canadian Climate Adaptation Facility (CCAF): Promoting Climate-Resilient Water Management and Agricultural Practices

Canada’s Total Contribution: $2,240,000

Targeted Countries: Cambodia

Funding Period: 2012/2013

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The $16.5 million Canadian Climate Adaptation Facility at the United Nations Development Program provided support for reducing the vulnerability of the agricultural sector to climate-induced changes in water resources availability to enhance food security and food production in the face of change climate conditions. This project was implemented in partnership with the Cambodian Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, the Ministry of Water Resource and Meteorology, and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs.

Results/Expected Outcomes

Canada's contribution supported local beneficiaries in 14 new communes in two targetted provinces -- namely Kratie and Preh Vihear. Preparatory work is ongoing and activities are expected to start early in 2014.

Adaptation Research Initiative in Asia: Climate Change and Water Governance

Canada’s Total Contribution: $1,499,800

Targeted Countries: Cambodia

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

This contribution is part of Canada's $20 million fast-start contribution to the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) to support climate change adaptation projects in the water sector in Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean. This project supported research on expected hydrological and ecosystem changes in Cambodia's Tonle Sap basin, and aimed to integrate findings into Cambodia's policy and planning framework.

Results/Expected Outcomes

This project has undertaken research on hydrological change in three sub-catchment areas in the Tonle Sap basin to understand livelihood implications of both climate change and local development. The research team is assessing the efficiency of existing policies and institutional arrangements for water governance at local and provincial levels. Researchers have formalized relationships with key authorities, including the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology.

Integrated Disaster Risk Management

Canada’s Total Contribution: $5,370,000

Targeted Countries: Cambodia Indonesia Philippines Thailand Vietnam

Funding Period: 2012/2013, 2013/2014, 2014/2015

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

This project aims to reduce the impact of disasters on vulnerable populations in Southeast Asia by providing support to governments and civil society to manage and reduce disaster risk. In doing so, the project also seeks to support economic growth and maintain the development gains already made in the region. Project activities involve support for reducing disaster risk and increasing resilience in communities, for example through the development of disaster risk financing, including insurance. In addition, this project demonstrates Canada’s dedication to climate change action in developing countries through the incorporation of viable, adaptive strategies into existing disaster risk management initiatives.

Results/Expected Outcomes

The expected intermediate results for this project include improved representation of community issues, including gender equality issues, in national disaster risk reduction policies, plans and programs. The project will also contribute to increasing the effectiveness of Southeast Asia regional disaster risk reduction cooperation mechanisms, such as the disaster risk reduction (DRR) goals of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which address the needs of vulnerable communities.

Cambodia Food Security - World Food Programme

Canada’s Total Contribution: $4,000,000

Targeted Countries: Cambodia

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The 2011-2016 Cambodia Country Program of the World Food Programme (WFP) has two key objectives: increasing the food security and nutritional status of targeted women, men, girls and boys in selected provinces; and strengthening the institutional capacity of Cambodian counterparts to develop sustainable and adaptable national food security systems. The program includes three components: 1) Education; 2) Nutrition; and 3) Productive Assets and Livelihoods Support.
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Results/Expected Outcomes

Results as of the end of CIDA support (March 2013) include: distributing 5.77 metric tons of super-cereal plus (a fortified corn soya blend) to improve the health and nutrition of mothers and children, and 5,035 metric tons of rice, 1,541 metric tons of which was distributed to people living with HIV. These activities contributed to improving access to safe and nutritious food for 138,233 of Cambodia's poor, including 643 pregnant and lactating women, 1,080 children between 6 and 23 months, and 36,240 people living with HIV (52% of whom were women) and their families. The project provided targeted food support to these groups in partnership with organizations that offer home-based care, counseling, nutrition and health education for vulnerable people. The project also provided food assistance to 100,270 people (19% of whom were women) working in community works projects that were identified in cooperation with the Government of Cambodia. Farmers or farm labourers experiencing food shortages before the harvest when food stocks are temporarily depleted were given employment opportunities to help them survive. At the same time, community assets and agricultural infrastructure are being built up. The project helped communities build or fix 172 kilometres of rural roads, 24 kilometres of irrigation canals and 48 ponds to link villages with markets and services and to increase agricultural production. The project also strengthened the capacity of the Cambodian government and non-governmental organizations in nutrition and HIV training through workshops. These have contributed to improving the Cambodians health and economic well-being of Cambodians, particularly those most vulnerable to chronic hunger and under nutrition.

Climate Friendly Agribusiness Value Chains Sector Project

Canada’s Total Contribution: $1,500,000

Targeted Countries: Cambodia Lao People's Democratic Republic Myanmar

Funding Period: 2012/2013

Project Funded through a Canadian Facility: Canadian Climate Fund for the Private Sector in Asia

Delivery Partner(s):

Description

The Canadian Climate Fund for the Private Sector in Asia (CFPS) at the Asian Development Bank (ADB) provided support for this project which invests in inclusive agricultural value chains throughout the Greater Mekong Sub region of Cambodia, Lao, and Myanmar. The goal of the project is to enhance rural household incomes and agricultural competitiveness. This will be accomplished by providing improved production and post-harvest infrastructure, reducing energy costs by promoting bio-energy use and sustainable biomass management; and offering targeted agribusiness support services for selected value chains. This project builds on a consultative process that yielded a number of valuable lessons learned. These include supporting an enabling policy environment, promoting public-private-community partnerships, building the technical and business development capacity of stakeholders, and promoting climate smart agricultural practices.

Results/Expected Outcomes

The project is expected to increase productivity and rural household incomes of those living in the region. Resource utilization will become more efficient and climate resilient, rendering competitive and inclusive agribusiness value chains. Specifically, the expected results of project activities include: 300,000 farmers with access to improved information for climate resilient choice in agriculture; 3,000 communities/enterprises with strategies implemented for conservation and sustainable management; 100 communities and 15 enterprises with adjusted infrastructure investments to include adaptation; 500 communities and enterprises with improved disaster risk management plans for infrastructure; and, 10,000 (40% women) individuals employed.
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