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Country Initiatives Details

Adaptation to Social, Environmental and Climate Change Impacts on Vector-Borne Diseases in Africa

Canada’s Total Contribution: $7,500,000

Targeted Countries: Botswana Côte d'Ivoire Kenya Mauritania South Africa Tanzania Zimbabwe

Funding Period: 2011/2012

Delivery Partner(s):


Canada provided $7.5 million to the International Development Research Centre's (IDRC) Ecosystems and Human Health Program to support health vulnerabilities reduction and increased resilience against vector-borne disease risks under climate change conditions in Africa. The initiative used a multi-pronged approach to explore how to improve disease control strategies and tools, and increase the capacity to generate, interpret, and use new knowledge to inform policies and practices.

Results/Expected Outcomes

Canada’s contribution to this project supported research to assist African countries in developing adaptation policies and disease control programs to anticipate, prevent, and reduce vector-borne disease risks. The initiative is expected to train African researchers to build national capacity to deal with climate change and related public health threats.

Five research projects have been selected for funding under this initiative. These projects worked to:
  • assess the impact of social and environmental determinants and climate change on malaria and schistosomiasis in Botswana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe
  • develop/improve appropriate tools and coping strategies to the aggravating effects of climate change on the transmission of vector-borne diseases, especially malaria and schistosomiasis diseases in the towns of Korhogo (Côte d'Ivoire) and Kaédides (Mauritania)
  • look at the impact of expanding agricultural development, climate change, and tsetse fly distribution while focusing on marginalised people in remote areas
  • address the potential effect of climate change on diseases such as malaria and Rift Valley Fever in Kenya
  • look into climate and land use changes effects on the Maasai population.

African Adaptation Research Centres: Enhancing Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Water Resources in the Greater Horn of Africa

Canada’s Total Contribution: $1,340,000

Targeted Countries: Ethiopia Kenya Sudan Tanzania

Funding Period: 2010/2011

Delivery Partner(s):


Flooding and seasonal droughts are undermining the economies and prosperity of countries within the Greater Horn of Africa. Agriculture and water resources are among the key sectors which will be affected most by the impacts of projected climate change. To serve as practical roadmaps for future investments, National Adaptation Programs of Action (NAPAs) need to be strengthened by economic analysis of adaptation investments, and informed by credible and impartial scientific assessment of climate change impacts. This project measured the impacts of climate change on agriculture and water resources, and recommends feasible adaptation options in Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, and Tanzania. Support provided to the Sokoine University of Agriculture of Tanzania is part of Canada's $10 million Fast-start contribution to the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) to support the African Adaptation Research Centres Initiative

Results/Expected Outcomes

With support from Canada's contribution, this project is expected to improve current estimates of adaptation costs and benefits and undertake additional modelling work in specific locations and sectors within each study country. The researchers and postgraduate students involved have been trained in the use of the modelling tools and large-scale assessment methodologies, and a database for large-scale climate change impact assessment is currently being developed. In Kenya, the team is directly involved with all matters related to climate change issues in agriculture and was involved with the development of the National Climate Change Action Plan. In Ethiopia, the project's interim results have been presented at the annual forum of the Research Extension and Farmers Linkage Council (REFLAC), which included participation from key policy-makers. In Sudan, the team has been invited to work as consultants in the development of a US$5.7 million project proposal on “Climate Risk Finance for Sustainable and Climate Resilient Rainfed Farming and Pastoral Systems” to be submitted to Global Environment Facility (GEF) by October 2013.
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